\(ABC\) একটা সূক্ষ্মকোণী ত্রিভুজ। \(P\) আর \(Q\) হলো \(AB\) রেখাংশের ওপর এমন দুটো বিন্দু যেন \(CP \perp AB\) হয় এবং \(CQ\), \(\angle ACB\)কে সমদ্বিখণ্ডিত করে। যদি \(ACCB=18\) আর \(APPB=12\) হয়, তাহলে \(AQQB\) কত?
$ABC$ is an acuteangled triangle. Let $P$ and $Q$ be points on segment $AB$ such that $CP\perp AB$ and $CQ$ bisects $\angle ACB$. Given that $ACCB=18$ and $APPB=12$, Find $AQQB$.
BdMO National 2021 Junior Problem 4
 Anindya Biswas
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BdMO National 2021 Junior Problem 4
"If people do not believe that mathematics is simple, it is only because they do not realize how complicated life is."
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 wasickofmath
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 Joined: Sat Apr 10, 2021 9:56 pm
Re: BdMO National 2021 Junior Problem 4
By using Pythagorean theorem,
$PC^2+PB^2= BC^2$
And $PC^2+(PB+8)^2= (BC+12)^2$
$or, PC^2+PB^2+16PB+64=BC^2+24BC+144$
Now when we subtract these two equations we get,
$PC^2+PB^2+16PB+64PC^2PB^2=BC^2+24BC+144BC^2$
$or, 16PB+64=24BC+144$
$or, 16PB24BC=80$
From this we can say that,
$16PB>24BC$
$or, PB>BC$
But that can’t happen as $PB$ is the perpendicular of the triangle $APB$ and $BC$ the hypotenuse of it and perpendiculars can never be bigger than hypotenuses.
So, is my logic wrong here? I can't find any flaws. If anybody can, then please point it out. And if there are no flaws then that means that this problem was wrong, right?
$PC^2+PB^2= BC^2$
And $PC^2+(PB+8)^2= (BC+12)^2$
$or, PC^2+PB^2+16PB+64=BC^2+24BC+144$
Now when we subtract these two equations we get,
$PC^2+PB^2+16PB+64PC^2PB^2=BC^2+24BC+144BC^2$
$or, 16PB+64=24BC+144$
$or, 16PB24BC=80$
From this we can say that,
$16PB>24BC$
$or, PB>BC$
But that can’t happen as $PB$ is the perpendicular of the triangle $APB$ and $BC$ the hypotenuse of it and perpendiculars can never be bigger than hypotenuses.
So, is my logic wrong here? I can't find any flaws. If anybody can, then please point it out. And if there are no flaws then that means that this problem was wrong, right?

 Posts: 1
 Joined: Sat Apr 17, 2021 8:49 pm
Re: BdMO National 2021 Junior Problem 4
Great.I think you are right.
Re: BdMO National 2021 Junior Problem 4
I also got this and though the question is wrong. But here is the solution solved by one person in facebookwasickofmath wrote: ↑Thu Apr 15, 2021 11:09 pmBy using Pythagorean theorem,
$PC^2+PB^2= BC^2$
And $PC^2+(PB+8)^2= (BC+12)^2$
$or, PC^2+PB^2+16PB+64=BC^2+24BC+144$
Now when we subtract these two equations we get,
$PC^2+PB^2+16PB+64PC^2PB^2=BC^2+24BC+144BC^2$
$or, 16PB+64=24BC+144$
$or, 16PB24BC=80$
From this we can say that,
$16PB>24BC$
$or, PB>BC$
But that can’t happen as $PB$ is the perpendicular of the triangle $APB$ and $BC$ the hypotenuse of it and perpendiculars can never be bigger than hypotenuses.
So, is my logic wrong here? I can't find any flaws. If anybody can, then please point it out. And if there are no flaws then that means that this problem was wrong, right?
(just the values are different)
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 Solution of National Junior 2021 problem 4
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Re: BdMO National 2021 Junior Problem 4
wasickofmath wrote: ↑Thu Apr 15, 2021 11:09 pmBy using Pythagorean theorem,
$PC^2+PB^2= BC^2$
And $PC^2+(PB+8)^2= (BC+12)^2$
$or, PC^2+PB^2+16PB+64=BC^2+24BC+144$
Now when we subtract these two equations we get,
$PC^2+PB^2+16PB+64PC^2PB^2=BC^2+24BC+144BC^2$
$or, 16PB+64=24BC+144$
$or, 16PB24BC=80$
From this we can say that,
$16PB>24BC$
$or, PB>BC$
But that can’t happen as $PB$ is the perpendicular of the triangle $APB$ and $BC$ the hypotenuse of it and perpendiculars can never be bigger than hypotenuses.
So, is my logic wrong here? I can't find any flaws. If anybody can, then please point it out. And if there are no flaws then that means that this problem was wrong, right?
You are completely correct. Those numerical values ($AC−CB=12$ and $AP−PB=8$) are not possible. So the only way to get any answer to this problem is to solve it without using any unique properties of those two numbers (by treating them as variables). For example, you can consider the solution in the previous post. The error in this question was my fault, and I sincerely apologize for this. Unfortunately, this problem couldn't be dismissed as that would've been more unfair to those who already solved it in this way during the contest.
The first principle is that you must not fool yourself and you are the easiest person to fool.