BdMO National Secondary/Higher Secondary 2018/2

Discussion on Bangladesh Mathematical Olympiad (BdMO) National
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BdMO National Secondary/Higher Secondary 2018/2

Unread post by samiul_samin » Sun Mar 11, 2018 7:40 pm

$AB$ is a diameter of a circle and $AD$ & $BC$ are two tangents of that circle.$AC$ & $BD$ intersect on a point of the circle.$AD=a$ & $BC=b$.If $a\neq b$ then $AB=?$

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Re: BdMO National Higher Secondary 2018/2

Unread post by Tasnood » Mon Mar 12, 2018 10:30 am

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Let $AC$ and $BD$ meets at $E$.
$AD=a,BC=b$ where, $a<b$.
Easy to prove: $\angle CAD=\angle ABE, \angle DBC=\angle BAE$
We know, $\angle BAD=\angle BAE+ \angle CAD=90^{\circ}$
$\Rightarrow \angle BAE+\angle ABE=90^{\circ}$
Again, $\angle ABE+\angle ADB=90^{\circ}$
So, $\angle BAE=\angle ADB$

Accordingly we can prove: $\angle ABD=\angle ACB$

Between $\triangle ABD$ and $\triangle ABC$,
$\angle BAD=\angle ABC$,$\angle ADB=\angle CAB$
So, two triangles are similar.

Now, $\frac {a}{AB}=\frac{AB}{b}$
$\Rightarrow AB^2=ab$
$\Rightarrow AB=\sqrt {ab}$

[Actually I messed all similar triangles and wasted time at exam hall for this easy one :lol: ]

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