## Differentiation

- Abdul Muntakim Rafi
**Posts:**173**Joined:**Tue Mar 29, 2011 10:07 pm**Location:**bangladesh,the earth,milkyway,local group.

### Re: Differentiation

You said what we did at first was...

\[x\frac{\mathrm{d} (x+x+x+x+..............+x)(x times)}{\mathrm{d} x}\]

But it is not what we did at first... At first what we wrote meant that

\[x\frac{\mathrm{d} x}{\mathrm{d} x}\]

But writing this was wrong... That's why we got $x$ as an answer...

Your equation shows that the derivative was $x^2$...

\[x\frac{\mathrm{d} (x+x+x+x+..............+x)(x times)}{\mathrm{d} x}\]

But it is not what we did at first... At first what we wrote meant that

\[x\frac{\mathrm{d} x}{\mathrm{d} x}\]

But writing this was wrong... That's why we got $x$ as an answer...

Your equation shows that the derivative was $x^2$...

**Man himself is the master of his fate...**

- Abdul Muntakim Rafi
**Posts:**173**Joined:**Tue Mar 29, 2011 10:07 pm**Location:**bangladesh,the earth,milkyway,local group.

### Re: Differentiation

ভাইয়া, বাংলা অনুবাদ করেন। কিছু টার্ম সমস্যা করতেছে।The addition rule fails because of countability. When we say "x times", x needs to be in a countable set. Then you can have a bijection with a sequence from that countable set and you stop when you reach x in the sequence and call that being x times. But the kind of calculus we are doing involves uncountable sets, because when you say differentiate x^2 , you can not think x to be one point, you actually need to be able to pick x from an open interval around that point and that open interval is uncountable. So you can not say "x times". You can only define the phrase "times" with respect to elements of a countable set.

P.S. of course you can try to define new things, that's how mathematics develops. There are theories of calculus where you don't need the notion of limit, and some of them are very algebraic. I have not read any of those yet. There are many examples of calculus on discrete and countable sets as well, and many of them are very useful in economics, physics etc. But you will need to define them in a intelligent way first.

**Man himself is the master of his fate...**

### Re: Differentiation

ঐগুলা বাদ দেও।

When we say "x times", x needs to be from a countable set.

এই এক লাইনেই সব আছে। "x times" বলতে কি বুঝায় এইটা নিয়া চিন্তা কর।

When we say "x times", x needs to be from a countable set.

এই এক লাইনেই সব আছে। "x times" বলতে কি বুঝায় এইটা নিয়া চিন্তা কর।

- Abdul Muntakim Rafi
**Posts:**173**Joined:**Tue Mar 29, 2011 10:07 pm**Location:**bangladesh,the earth,milkyway,local group.

### Re: Differentiation

x times x is the same thing as finding out the sum of x, x's

**Man himself is the master of his fate...**

- Abdul Muntakim Rafi
**Posts:**173**Joined:**Tue Mar 29, 2011 10:07 pm**Location:**bangladesh,the earth,milkyway,local group.

### Re: Differentiation

মানে x times x হল x টা x এর যোগফল।

$a.b$ হল a সংখ্যক b এর যোগফল। অথবা b সংখ্যক a এর যোগফল।

$a.b=a+a+a+a+a+................+a$ এতে b সংখ্যক a আছে।

$a.b=b+b+b+b+......................+b$ এতে a সংখ্যক b আছে।

$a.b$ হল a সংখ্যক b এর যোগফল। অথবা b সংখ্যক a এর যোগফল।

$a.b=a+a+a+a+a+................+a$ এতে b সংখ্যক a আছে।

$a.b=b+b+b+b+......................+b$ এতে a সংখ্যক b আছে।

**Man himself is the master of his fate...**

### Re: Differentiation

OKay, think of it like this, what if I say, give me $\pi$ apples?

- Abdul Muntakim Rafi
**Posts:**173**Joined:**Tue Mar 29, 2011 10:07 pm**Location:**bangladesh,the earth,milkyway,local group.

### Re: Differentiation

First I will give you 3 apples... Then I will give you .1415........ part of another apple. But I will not be able to give you exactly $\pi$ apples... I will give you more or less than $\pi$ apples... Cause $\pi$ is an irrational number...

So what are you trying to say is that in order to express $x^2$ as sum of $x, x's$ ;x needs to be a rational number...

Is that it?

And Bhaiya, how will you define $a.b$ then?

So what are you trying to say is that in order to express $x^2$ as sum of $x, x's$ ;x needs to be a rational number...

Is that it?

And Bhaiya, how will you define $a.b$ then?

**Man himself is the master of his fate...**

### Re: Differentiation

That's the basic idea. When you say "$x$ times" you have to be able to count like 1 times, 2 times, 3 times .... and it will end at $x$ times. Clearly you cannot do that for all real number.

multiplication of real numbers can be defined using decimal representation, after you define multiplication of natural numbers using addition.

multiplication of real numbers can be defined using decimal representation, after you define multiplication of natural numbers using addition.